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Those fun, harmless-looking energy drinks in the colorful bottles that you see everywhere these days? Those beverages with “natural” ingredients, marketed to all of us — especially our kids — as an alternative to soda? Turns out these drinks aren’t so harmless.
Concerns about the effects of energy drinks are continuing to grow, as new research shows these drinks can cause blood pressure to rise, as well as bringing about heart palpitations and arrhythmias, anxiety, and insomnia.
Researchers in Poland conducted a small study with 18 healthy young adults ages 20-35. The young adults were asked to consume one of two energy drinks: one contained 120 milligrams of caffeine and the other contained 360 milligrams of caffeine. (A regular 8-ounce cup of brewed coffee has between 100-200 milligrams of caffeine.) A third group drank a placebo, which contained no caffeine or other stimulants. Researchers then took measurements of blood pressure and heart rate at 15, 30 and 90 minutes after consumption.
They found that the less-caffeinated drink did not significantly affect either blood pressure or heart rate compared with the placebo group. The more highly-caffeinated drink, on the other hand, had a significant effect on both. Among those who consumed the 360 milligram caffeine energy drink:
o Blood pressure went up by an average of nine points for both systolic and diastolic pressure.
o Heart rate went up by an average of five beats per minute.
o Members of this group also developed irregular heartbeats, racing heartbeats, anxiety and insomnia.
This study isn’t the first to find a link between high-caffeine, high-sugar energy drinks and elevated blood pressure, cardiac disturbances, anxiety and sleep disturbances. Other recent research has returned similarly disturbing results:
A study conducted at the University of Arkansas examined the effects of energy drinks on blood pressure among healthy, non-smoking adults ages 18-45. The results reported blood pressure was significantly elevated in those who drank one serving of Red Bull, which contained 80 milligrams of caffeine and 1,000 milligrams of taurine, an amino acid commonly found in energy drinks.
An Australian research project collected information about the health hazards of energy drinks by analyzing data associated with consumption of energy drinks and calls to a poison information hotline. Between 2004 and 2010, the poison hotline took a total of 297 phone calls from people who reported having consumed energy drinks.
oOver the six-year study period, the number of calls per year increased significantly, from 12 in 2004 to 65 in 2010.
o100 callers also reported consuming other substances along with the energy drinks, most often alcohol or another product containing caffeine.
o87 percent of those who called reported some type of symptom. Common symptoms were palpitations, feelings of agitation, tremors, and upset stomachs.
o7 percent of callers reported more serious symptoms, including hallucinations, seizures and irregular heartbeats.
oOf the 297 callers, 128 were hospitalized. This included 57 people who only consumed energy drinks without other substances such as alcohol or additional caffeine.
oThe median age of the callers was 17 years old.
At the University of Massachusetts, a review of research related to the health complications from energy drinks found frequent reports of adverse affects among adolescents and concluded that the health concerns posed called for “urgent research on the safety of energy drinks in children and adolescents.”
We’re still in the early days of learning about the full range of effects of these drinks on physical and mental health, as well as sleep. There is an abundance of research that shows how too much caffeine can affect blood pressure and heart rate, create anxiety, and disrupt sleep. We know much less about the short- and long-term effects of some of the other ingredients that are often found in energy drinks, including taurine, the vitamins niacin and pyridoxine, and sugars such as inositol.
Here’s what is clear. People who have or are at risk for conditions such as heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes need to strictly limit — or better yet avoid altogether — these energy drinks. Parents need to educate their kids about the serious risks of over-consumption of energy drinks and closely monitor their children’s consumption if they choose to allow them to have these drinks at all. Unfortunately, kids and teenagers are among the most likely consumers of these beverages. Energy drinks are heavily-marketed to young people, who are less likely to be aware of the possible dangers of these beverages.
It’s also time 24 day challenge with advocare for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to get involved, and for these drinks to be subjected to greater regulation, including regulating the amount of caffeine that can be included in a single serving. Historically, energy drinks have been classified — and marketed — as dietary supplements, which are subject to only the most minimal regulation. Canada recently reclassified energy drinks as foods, opening them up to more comprehensive regulation. It’s time for a serious look by the FDA at doing the same thing in the U.S.
Do you rely on energy drinks to pep yourself up in the morning, to power you through the day, to avoid a mid-afternoon slump in energy? If so, there are better — and safer — ways to stay alert. Some even involve caffeine — just moderate amounts.
oStart with a cup of coffee in the morning. Morning exercise is also a great energy booster.
oTo avoid the midday slump, try eating a high-protein snack. Think a small serving of cheese with some fruit, or peanut butter on crackers or whole grain toast. This will boost your energy without making you feel too full or sluggish.
oIf you’re really dragging, try my Nap-a-Latte(TM) technique: Drink a small cup of coffee and follow it up with a 25-minute nap. The combination will curb drowsiness without overdoing it on the caffeine and risking disruption to your nighttime sleep. Make sure to do this before 3 p.m.
Best tip of all? Get a good night’s sleep! Its one of the very best things you can do to avoid daytime fatigue and protect your overall health.
Michael J. Breus, PhD
The Sleep Doctor(TM)
Everything you do, you do better with a good night’s sleep(TM)
For more by Dr. Michael J. Breus, click here.
For more on sleep, click here.
This Blogger’s Books and Other Items from…
Contractor’s Equipment Industry Results
Underwriting results are really intermittent as well as tend to mirror the economic problems of a provided location. When the building industry is stationary, profits rapidly degrade because of decreased costs and increases in burglary as well as criminal damage losses.
Any kind of Company, such as commercial janitorial companies wishing to be a market for construction classes ought to seek well developed, financially sound contractors that exhibit an authentic interest in reducing losses. Together with proper threat variety, prices of each account must appropriately reflect the intrinsic loss capacity if a Company is to regain lengthy term earnings for this course of business.
Learn more about WI building company
Specialist’s Equipment Coverage Form
This Inland Marine coverage is a non-ISO (“unchecked”) class which obtains its qualification from the “Commercial Property Floater Risks” Section of the 1976 Nation Wide Marine Definition.
The basic coverage form offers extensive protection on owned equipment, with a choice for giving protection on devices leased or leased from others. Owned tools is either UNSCHEDULED (normally tiny sorts of devices, such as tools valued at less than $2,000 each item) or SCHEDULED, which can consist of any kind of other qualified tools. Protection for devices rented or rented out, on a short-term basis, from others is an option which covers all such equipment topic to an optimum limitation per product received the declarations. Equipment rented for greater than a month each time must normally be scheduled as well as covered as a scheduled thing.
Particular types of building have been particularly identified as not covered given that they are ineligible for coverage under Inland Marine kinds (vehicles made for and mostly made use of on public roads) or are much more suitably covered by other protection kinds (airplane, watercraft as well as building products).
Various other limits deal with amazing circumstances which should be underwritten on a situation by instance basis; as an example, waterborne and also underground direct exposures, tools such as scaffolding and also replacement parts which are highly susceptible to theft or potentially eligible for insurance coverage by various other insurance, and tools rented, lent, or rented to others without a driver or an arrangement with the various other party establishing their obligation or general contractor without being informed.
Service provider’s Equipment
Service provider’s Equipment on a task website, photo taken by Randi Glazer|Resource
Requirement Contractor’s Equipment Coverage Extensions
The protection kind includes expansions which give added quantities of coverage in different scenarios. These extensions of insurance coverage are consisted of automatically.
Newly Purchased Items: This extension supplies protection on recently acquired equipment for around 30 days. The limit of insurance Is on a per loss (not each thing) basis. The insured should report purchases within 30 days. Premium is due from the date of purchase. Failure to report the acquisition within 30 days cancels coverage for the product.
Borrowed Items: Provides insurance coverage for as much as $1000 on items borrowed from others while in the possession of the insured, if the insured is lawfully liable. This expansion covers the much more routine exchanges of tools that could occur amongst professionals at a work site.
Particles Removal: Provides around $5000 for expense to remove residential property harmed by a protected loss. This is especially beneficial in failure circumstances where the insured is compensated for the physical damages up to the limitation of insurance for the item but still have to get rid of the particles.
Replacement Items: This expansion pays for the expense to lease equipment to briefly change damaged covered property. Protection is offered if a substitute product is should continue operate in development at the time of loss and also if the insured does not have comparable still devices available to continue operations. Coverage is also offered on the rented out replacement tools for around the amount stated in the statements. Insurance coverage for the rental expenditure begins 24 hrs after the loss is reported and also ends when the damaged tools is replaced, repaired, or the substitute item Is no more had to proceed procedures. Protection on the replacement item starts when the loss is reported and finishes when rental expenses end unless the insured Is legally responsible for transportation.
Various other Important Policy Conditions
Exemptions: The coverage type identifies different losses which are not covered. These include deterioration, deterioration, freezing, getting too hot, mechanical or electric failure as well as loss dued to job being done on the tools. If damages by a protected reason of loss (i.e., fire, explosion, and so on) follows the resulting loss is covered.
Insurance coverage Territory: The insurance coverage territory Includes all states, Puerto Rico, as well as Canada. Transportation to or from Hawaii as well as Puerto Rico is specifically not covered.
Coinsurance: Based on 80% of real money value and is put on each listed Item separately, while put on non listed things in total amount. As an example, to identify whether a coinsurance charge is to use in a loss entailing unlisted Items the real cash worth of all unlisted things is utilized. In a loss to a provided thing the penalty, if any, is identified based upon the value of that thing only.
A coinsurance penalty is not put on tools rented or leased from others unless the product was particularly scheduled.
Optimum Amount of Payment: Limits our responsibility in any type of one incident as well as need to be entered in the declarations. The Limit should realistically show the requirements of the specific account as well as be sufficient to cover any type of concentration of values. It is not always intended to mirror overall values, particularly on larger timetables given that retention and also reinsurance factors to consider are regularly based on this limit. It may not be required to make use of and also incur the expense of reinsurance unless essential.
Service provider’s Equipment at a job site, image taken by Randi Glazer|Resource
Fire is accountable for the biggest quantity of losses. Generally, fires are started as a result of incorrect maintenance practices which could cause leaks from gas as well as hydraulic lines that are stired up by warm engines or careless cigarette smoking, improper fueling of equipment, and brush or debris buildup under or near devices.
Another location of worry is spray paint, repair work and welding centers which do not satisfy NFPA standards. While it is crucial to find as well as fix these issues it is additionally essential to have public and/or personal protection offered to produce fires ought to they happen. Along with keeping an intermediary with fire divisions near work and storage sites, fire extinguishers of the correct size as well as kind should be conveniently offered whatsoever times.
Theft and also Vandalism
Losses from theft and also criminal damage could present a major problem. lndustry-wide, contractors incur over of $300 million in losses every year because of burglary and also vandalism of equipment.
Preventative actions taken by the insured must suffice in regard to the values at danger, susceptibility of the tools to loss, and where the property is being utilized or saved. Ideally, it is well to bring the tools back to a secured storage yard or building. The increase en route exposure to bring equipment back to the backyard is usually less compared to the theft and criminal damage direct exposure if the products are left at an unsecured job website. When this is not practical other safety and security precautions Include: concealed ignition cut-off switches, alarms, securing liquid caps, debilitating devices at night or on weekend breaks by elimination of essential engine components, website lights and fencing, and also watch solution.
No matter preventative measures taken, some thefts of service providers devices will take place. Recuperation rates are reduced. To aid with cases recovery, a present inventory of all devices need to be kept by the contractor.
In addition to information needed on the policy, the complying with will certainly help in negotiation and also recovery efforts: original day of purchase, original expense (including devices), year of manufacture, serial and/or identification numbers with the location of these numbers on the devices, complete summary including dimension, weight, model and also name, as well as a picture of the devices. Some professionals painting their equipment in unique methods in order to help recuperation efforts (this likewise functions as a deterrent to theft oftentimes). Anything that differentiates the devices
from others must be kept in mind in the inventory.
Insureds should be encouraged to guard equipment. Criminal damage and also stolen equipment triggers delays in completion of tasks, payment of deductibles, increases in insurance policy costs, and also even the inability to secure insurance coverage. Additionally, this will adversely influence the insured’s business.
Transportation is involved with all kinds of devices whether on trailers or under the equipment’s own electrical power. Consider the encounter of the vehicle drivers and also people loading the devices, whether courses are prepared to detect reduced walkways and also slim or winding roads, if escort automobiles are made use of with over-sized tons, devices is chocked and also chains made use of as tie downs remain in acceptable problem. NOTE: Many construction firms make use of outside trucking companies to carry devices.
The truckers qualifications and also responsibility for loss or damages must be completely investigated. Some contractors will certainly carry tools for others either as a holiday accommodation or a way to generate extra income. The Contractors Equipment Coverage Form does not cover loss or damage to devices of others transferred by our guaranteed unless the tools was leased or leased by the insured and the plan so supported.